Claude Godbout began his career in film in 1964 as an actor in the feature film Le chat dans le sac by Gilles Groulx. After spending time honing his skills in Paris, he gradually gave up acting and co-directed, with Georges Dufaux, L’homme Multiplié. In 1970, he became one of the founding members of Productions Prisma. For thirty years, Claude Godbout and the Prisma crew produced scores of feature films, documentaries and hundreds of television shows for Canadian and foreign markets. His works include, among others, Les Ordres by Michel Brault and Les Bons débarras by Francis Mankiewicz.  He also produced Comme les six doigts de la main by André Melançon; Les servantes du bon Dieu by Diane Létourneau; Platinum by Bruce McDonald; the television series Urgence by Réjean Tremblay and Fabienne Larouche; Earthwatch by Donald Brittain. In addition, Mr. Godbout also directed the documentary Montréal of the series Les grandes villes du monde (Pathé Cinéma), as well as Profession Écrivain.

He has since collaborated on many projects and produced the documentary Le journal d’un fou by Mark Blandford. He served as associate producer on the René Lévesque mini-series directed by Marc Renaud.